Migration travel today
Migrant smuggling, see here
( Zürichsee Zeitung, pp. 18-19, 29 April 2016 [in German] )
Swiss border patrol searches train during "technical stop" in Brig. 15 men from Africa, Mideast, South Asia returned to Italy, under Schengen rules. Along this route, returns so far in 2016 are double that of the comparable period in 2015.
( 20 Minuten (Zurich, Switzerland), p. 14, 10 February 2016 [in German] )
In 2015, authorities (Staatssekretariat für Migration) spent 8 Mio francs to
return c. 6 thou. by regular airline, and 2 Mio for 228 by charter. It is unclear what costs (if any) other than air
transport might be included in these sums.
Remapping Migration, Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Matías de Córdova (August, 2015)
through Mexico: "Between Borders" (NYT video)
Apprehensions at the US-Mexico are
lower in 2015 versus 2014, but have risen markedly within Mexico. Casa Allianz in Honduras offers temporary shelter and assistance to those intending to migrate and those caught and returned.
With smugglers fees having "doubled" to about "$8000," most recent teenage migrants travel on their own, solo or in small groups. Their chances are successfully reaching the USA are not
considered good, but families in Central America see "no other option" for escaping gang violence there. (7 October, 2015).
"La Bestia" train (Economist, 20 Sept, 2014, p. 5). A common
trans-migration route through Mexico in 2014: used less in 2015.
Cubans to USA through Central America (Miami Herald, 18 Nov, 2015)
Apparently, recent Cuban liberalization does not include direct flights to USA.
Entering Europe via arctic bike rides (NY Times, 9 Oct, 2015)
By bus and train through Hungary (BBC, 29 Sep, 2015)
"Let refugees fly to Europe" (NY Times, 25 Sep, 2015)
"Europe's River of Migrants" (NY Times, 27 Aug, 2015)
New routes and travel methods Cuba-USA (NY Times, 10 Oct, 2014)
Expanded U.S. gateway? Tijuana Int'l Airport (NY Times, 19 Jan, 2014)
Contemporary unauthorized migration across the Mediterranean
Deadly Journey for Children: Central
Medit. Route (UNICEF-pdf, Feb 2017)
Libya-Italy flow Europe's worst migration crisis (Economist, 22 Oct, 2016)
Thousands of migrants rescued off Libya coast (BBC, 30 August, 2016)
Mediterranean: world's most lethal migratory route (Pop & Soc, April 2016)
A 1.5% annual probability of death during the sea crossing between 2000 and 2015
850 lost when boat from Libya capsizes (Wash. Post, 21 April, 2015)
Stowaways on Greek Ferry to Italy (Maritime Executive, 1 Jan, 2015)
"Murder in the Mediterranean" (NY Times, 19 Sept, 2014)
The 800 thousand and "Mare Nostrum" (NY Times, 19 May, 2014)
Half of illegal immigration to Europe is by boat (Pew, April 2014)
Migrant boat capsizes near Lampedusa (BBC, 4 Oct, 2013)
Pope meets migrants in the Mediterranean (BBC, 8 July, 2013)
Contemporary international migration by airplane (links):
"Concession" airfares provided from Int'l Organization for Migration
This page last updated 2-November,