South Atlantic migration and migrant travel business

Nav. Generale Italia's Duilio going from Italy to Buenos Aires, 1928-31, had space for nearly 1300 2nd and 3rd class passengers. A majority of Argentinians today have Italian ancestry.

(Bonsor 304,,


Physical migration across the South Atlantic is a subject rich in studies and potential for further studies. Here is a partial list of works:


N. R. P. Bonsor. South Atlantic Seaway: An illustrated history of the passenger lines and liners from Europe to Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina. Jersey: Brookside, 1983.


Philip D. Curtin. Migration in the Tropical World. In Immigration Reconsidered, edited by Virginia Yans-McLaughlin. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. 


Timothy J. Hatton and Jeffrey G. Williamson. Latecomers to Mass Emigration: The Latin Experience. In Migration and the International Labor Market, edited by Timothy J. Hatton and Jeffrey G. Williamson. New York: Routledge, 1994.


Dirk Hoerder. Cultures in Contact: World Migrations in the Second Millennium. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002.


Drew Keeling. "Patterns and Processes of Migration: An Overview." In Settler Economies in World History, pp. 273-95, edited by Christopher Lloyd, Jacbo Metzer, and Richard Sutch. Leiden: Brill, 2013.


Jeffrey Lesser. Immigration, Ethnicity, and National Identity in Brazil, 1808 to the Present. Cambridge University Press, 2013.


Jose C. Moya. Cousins and Strangers: Spanish Immigrants in Buenos Aires, 1850-1930. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.


Walter Nugent, Crossings: The Great Transatlantic Migrations, 1870-1914. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.



Web links:

Irish Road to Argentina

Nova Fribourgo

Return migration from South America to Europe